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Unguja is the biggest island within the Zanzibar archipelago.
It houses the seat of the government and boosts of having a live history of Zanzibar vividly seen along the narrow streets of the Stone town.Because of its rich history, its importance as it harbours the capital of Zanzibar, its collection of crystalline sandy beaches, its close proximity to the mainland of Tanzania, and perhaps its easier accessibility by both sea and air, Unguja attracts thousands of visitors every year.
Unguja Mjin (Zanzibar Town) – located almost at the centre of the island, on its western side. It is the capital of Zanzibar and the centre for all the commercial and political activities. Zanzibar Town consists of the core historical part, the Stone Town, and the Ng’ambo area on the other side of the old Darajani Creek, which used to separate the two parts. Both the Stone Town and the Ng’ambo area have their own share of history and contains several attractions worth a visit.
Makunduchi – southern most town (population – 6000), the only one in the coral rag zone. It is the administrative centre for the Zanzibar South district and recently, a wave of tourism industry has uplifted its status considerably.
Makunduchi is also popular for its annual Mwaka Koga festivals, a legacy of the Persian connection.
Mkokotoni – a town of between 2500 and 3000 inhabitants is largely forgotten in the present times, but was once an important harbour for north-bound travellers and cargo. It is an administrative centre for North A district. New centres at Mkwajuni and Gamba have overshadowed Mkokotoni and the harbour does not receive cargo on a regular basis.
Dunga – although it was famous for its troubled period as the headquarter of the Mwinyi Mkuu, the local Shirazi ruler, it was not a major centre until recently when it became the administrative centre for the Zanzibar Central district. Currently, about 3000 people live at Dunga and mainly depend on farming for their livelihood. Located at the junction of the roads going to Chwaka on the east and the one heading northwards to Bambi, Dunga is roughly at the centre of Unguja Island.
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